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Geography: 5. Citing

APA Style Central

Until December 12, 2017 the Library has a trial of the APA Style Central website. 

"We are the official and ultimate resource on APA Style. Our goal is to help you think and write like a seasoned professional. Consult our digital library of APA Style quick guides and tutorials to refine your writing. Learn how to plan sound research with our research tools, and build a reference library with customized APA Style reference templates. Translate your research into concise, powerful articles that are formatted for style. When your work is ready, use our browse and search features to identify the best journals for publication." (APA website)

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Citation Guides by Discipline

Citation Guides by Style

Citation Guides by Information Source

Citation Style Manuals (Print & Electronic Books)

APA Citation style for Mobile App reference

The reference formats for apps are very similar to those for print and online reference works, with the exception that the title of the reference work is not italicized and is capitalized using title case. The version number and the description “Mobile application software” are also provided after the title to further identify the work for the reader. Here are two additional examples, one with an author and one without an author:

Deglin, J. H., & Vallerand, A. H. (2010). Davis’s Drug Guide for Nurses (12th ed.) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from

 Naproxen. (2010). In J. H. Deglin & A. H. Vallerand (Eds.), Davis’s Drug Guide for Nurses (12th ed.) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from

 In text, these would be cited:
(Deglin & Vallerand, 2010; “Naproxen,” 2010).

From correspondance between Ellen Olsen-Lynch and APA:

Lazer, Stefanie. <> (2013, February 26). Re: How to cite Mobile App content? [personal communication]

On the Fly Citation Creation Tools

Below are some sites for on-the-fly citation creation. These are helpful for quickly creating a citation. The Library does not endorse or recommend any particular product. If you have any concerns or questions about the citations being created by these tools you should consult the proper style manual (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) to verify the accuracy.

You can often get a reliable citation from one of the library's licensed online indexes; look for a "Cite" button when viewing your results.

Citation Management

Use a web-based citation tool to seemlessly create and organize your own personal online filing cabinet of references and to create bibliographies.